Химиотерапия

Chemotherapy: What is it?

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapy: What is it?

Many of us heard the term “chemotherapy”, let’s learn more about it.

To be precise, chemotherapy is one of modern highly technological methods of treatment for different types of malignant tumours buy injecting of special chemicals and medications in the body.

This treating method has systemic influence on the body of the cancer patient. Reaching the cells drugs are accumulated in pathological tissues and destroy them.

There is no universal approach while choosing the scheme of treatment. It depends on each case.

The course of chemotherapy is determined by a number of factors:

  • Location of the tumour;
  • Its structure;
  • Patient’s health;
  • Patient’s psychological state.

In Onco.Rehab clinic chemotherapy, as a treating method, is an important element of integrative therapy.

The usage of the method

Chemotherapy can be prescribed:

  • in the case of high sensitivity of tumour cells to chemotherapy medicines;
  • as a preliminary stage before the surgery;
  • as metastasis prevention;
  • as an additional measure to irradiation or surgery;
  • in the case of hyperthermia.

Chemotherapy: types according to the time of the course

Let us talk about several types of chemotherapy, which take place in different periods.

Adjuvant maintenance therapy

It is a complex of auxiliary therapeutic measures, which goal is to prevent the recurrence of identified and stopped atypia.

Cytostatics, that are used here, inhibit and suppress pathological processes in tissues. They positively influence active division and reproduction of healthy tissues.

As this method has a disastrous effect on metastases, the recurrence is minimized, and the chances of the patient’s recovery significantly increases.

Neoadjuvant therapy

This method represents the usage of cytostatics before the surgery.

The main goal of the treatment is to reveal the reaction of the malignant tumour on the injected medicines, which aim to decrease the size of the tumour.

Moreover, the injected medicines affect microcancerous lesions and metastases, increasing the resectability of the tumour.

Induction chemotherapy

It takes place during the preoperative period and is meant to prepare the patient’s body to the surgery.

In medicine this method is widely used to increase the patient’s quality of life when the tumour is considered to be inoperable.

Palliative chemotherapy

When other treating methods are impossible, palliative chemotherapy is used.

It happens in the case of:

  • tumours of significant size;
  • extensive metastasis.

Injected cytostatics inhibit tumour growth, help reduce the pain syndrome and, as a result, to ease the patient’s health condition and prolong the patient’s life.

Chemotherapy: types according to the coloring of medicines

Medications, that are used in chemotherapy, are divided by the colour of their components.

Thus, medicine distinguishes the following types of chemotherapy:

  • Red therapy – the most aggressive and toxic variant. Injected medicines of antacycline subgroup may induce the decrease of immune barriers and anti-infective protection. Correctly chosen treatment destroys malignant cells, prevents their further reproduction and proliferation. Breaks between the courses are compulsory, as the patient’s body should recover and get rid of toxins.
  • Yellow therapy – uses the most gentle anticancer medications, that are tolerated by patients more easily. In this case the patient’s body needs less time for recovery.
  • White therapy – this therapy is based on such medications as Taxol or Tacosel.

To increase the efficiency of treatment courses specialists, as a rule, recommend polychemotherapy combined with other methods.

Химиотерапия2

As for medications, used in Onco.Rehab clinic, it is necessary to notice that at the end of 2019 the purchase of original medicines made up more than 80% in financial terms. They include:

  • Vemurafenib (Zelboraf)
  • Dabrafenib (Tafinlar) + Trametinib (Mekinist)
  • Lenvatinib (Lenvima)
  • Lapatinib (Tyverb)
  • Abiraterone
  • Axitinib
  • Vandetanib
  • Vismodegib
  • Olaparib
  • Enzalutamide
  • Osimertinib
  • Sunitinib
  • Trastuzumab
  • Pertuzumab
  • Regorafenib
  • Sorafenib
  • Everolimus
  • Ceritinib
  • Nintedanib
  • Palbociclib
  • Ribociclib

Targeted chemotherapy

It is one of fast-growing methods of chemotherapy. It affects atypical cells at the molecular and genetic cells.

The selective and ultra-precise disorder of delicate mechanisms of cellular metabolism leads to the situation when injected medications significantly inhibit the proliferation of atypical cells and even induce their self-destruction. At the same time, metabolism of healthy elements can hardly be negatively affected. It means that the patient’s risk to face side effects of chemotherapy is minimal.

Induction chemotherapy

Induction chemotherapy is used:

  • as a therapeutic measure;
  • as a part of palliative therapy.

This method is usually chosen in 3 cases:

  • the stage of the disease makes the surgery ineffective;
  • malignant centre is highly sensitive to the injected medications;
  • the patient has aggravating somatic pathologies.

Hyperthermic chemotherapy

Medical practice proves that the injection of medication in combination with hyperthermia increases the effectiveness of cancer treatment. This strategy is applied in case of:

  • diagnosing of large tumours;
  • metastasis inside organs.

An undeniable advantage of hyperthermic therapy lies in the significant reduction of toxic consequences that affect the patient’s body.

Platinum chemotherapy

Platinum-based medicines have already proven themselves in the fight against atypical changes. Such medicines are able to influence the mutated cells, which are localized in the zones where other medications are ineffective.

Platinum medicines help against tumours in:

  • lung structures;
  • ovaries;
  • bladder;
  • testicles.

Gentle and high-dose chemotherapy

Gentle chemotherapy means the treatment of tumour centres with cytostatic medications, which minimize side effects. However, one should understand that cytostatics are less effective than other anticancer drugs.

This method is typically used:

  • with mild forms of malignant tumours at the second or third stages of their formation to prevent possible distant single metastases;
  • during the treatment of weak patients to minimize toxic exposure on the body.

Doses of chemotherapy medications are increased at the presence of any types of lymphoma, as the risk of rapid growth and metastasis even at early stages is very high.

High-dose chemotherapy shows remarkable toxic exposure on the patient’s body, e.g. vomiting, nausea, diarrhea.

To give the cancer patient possibility to recover, breaks between the courses are longer.

Choosing the type of chemotherapy specialists always follow one main principle: not to do harm to the patient.

Clinic of integrative oncology Onco.Rehab offers medication therapy for cancer patients.

Systemic treatment and rehabilitation is available for muscovites and citizens of OTHER REGIONS OF THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION with CMI policy.

To get systemic treatment and rehabilitation you need a 057-U reference for the hospitalization/rehabilitation to "OncoClinic", ltd. (Onco.Rehab).

If you would like to get the treatment in the first Russian clinic on integrative oncology Onco.Rehab your reference SHOULD NOT HAVE the note “Treatment at the place of the residence”.

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